What do animated video production and Rube Goldberg machines have in common? They’re awesome, and hard to make.
If you’re not familiar, a Rube Goldberg Machine is any complicated contraption built from everyday objects arranged into a long chain-reaction to accomplish a simple goal. The winner of the 30th annual Rube Goldberg Collegiate competition in 2014 (yes, they’ve been competing for 30 years) zipped up a zipper. In 75 steps.
If you’ve ever stacked dominoes in a row, you’ve built a Rube Goldberg Machine. Welcome to the club, nerd.
The beauty of “Rubes” is that it doesn’t matter what parts they’re made of – ping-pong balls and dominoes, or hammers and balloons – or what they’re goal is – these machines captivate people by bringing everyday objects to life. Rube Goldberg machines are stop-motion animation in real-time, moving the action along like a story. But more on that later.
First, let’s get to know these contraptions – and they’re link to animated video – better by looking at their history.
What Is A Rube Goldberg Machine?
It’s no coincidence that the creator and namesake of the Rube Goldberg machine – Reuben Lucius Goldberg (born 1883) – was a famous cartoonist and animator.
Originally a trained engineer (he received his degree from Berkeley in 1904), Goldberg’s passion for animation led him to leave a promising career designing sewers for the City Hall to illustrate part-time at the San Francisco Chronicle while he swept the editorial floor. He made a whopping $8/week ($175/week in 2014) at his new career and never looked back.
Goldberg’s imaginative illustrations “quickly ensnared the public’s interest,” and by 1915 his comics were the toast of the art world, earning him over $100,000 a year ($2.3 million today).
His work was syndicated in New York Dada (published by Marcel Duchamp), The Literary Digest, and he went on to found the National Cartoonists Society in 1946. Goldberg even received a Pulitzer for his animations. Shortly before his death in 1970, Goldberg’s work was curated by the Smithsonian in an exhibit aptly titled “Do it the Hard Way.”
In 1931, Rube Goldberg machines got so popular that Merriam-Webster adopted the word “Rube Goldberg” to mean “an adjective defined as accomplishing something simple through complicated means.” Goldberg himself said the machines were:
“A symbol of man’s capacity for exerting maximum effort to achieve minimal results.”
How Animated Video Production Is Like A Rube Goldberg Machine
To understand how animation is a type of Rube Goldberg machine, let’s examine the first feature length animated film ever created – Snow White and the Seven Dwarves, released on Feb 4, 1938.
Over 570 animators and water-color artists labored for nearly five years to compile two million sketches and paintings, though only 166,000 comprise the final film. Production soared $1.25 million over budget (6x the original figure), and Hollywood insiders described the film as “Disney’s Folly.”
Talk about “maximum effort” for just an 83-minute cartoon. But that’s the exactly the point.
Snow White isn’t just a “cartoon,” and far from the “folly” predicted by Hollywood professionals, Snow White became one of the most cherished films – animated or otherwise – of all time. It single-handedly transformed “cartoons” – a medium widely discredited at the time – into the respectable, lucrative creative field we recognize today. Five years of foolish toil resulted in a timeless tale.
Snow White’s initial release earned $8.5 million at the box office making it the most successful movie ever. Fast forward to 2014 where Frozen became the first animated production to gross $1 billion. Rube Goldbergs – as animation – are alive and well.
But here’s the wonderful thing about Rube Goldbergs and animation – no one needs them.
Let me clarify: People don’t need a self-operating napkin anymore than they need quality animation for their product. Hundred of studios churn out cheap, cookie-cutter animation – and they manage to eke out a profit.
But Rube Goldbergs and great animated video aren’t about “scraping by” or making things “good enough.” They’re about using extraordinary means and “maximum effort” to accomplish something fantastic – make a lasting impression.
The bottom-line was never a concern for Goldberg or any of the great animators – from Disney to Miyazaki – and it’s exactly that disregard for convention that makes Rube Goldbergs and quality animation so adored – and so valuable.
Overcoming Production Challenges
Every Rube Goldberg machine and every great animated video production is unique – hand-crafted to fit the situation. Their success depends solely on the skill and vision of the creator, whether it’s nailing a walk cycle or stacking 1,000 dominoes – each has their technical challenges, and when it’s done well, a story inevitably emerges.
A story from a bunch of things crashing into each other?
In his book, The Storytelling Animal, Jonathan Gottschall writes that people inherently crave storytelling, and will find it anywhere – from dancing mice and fairy princesses to a cog rolling down a plank.
Rube Goldbergs are packed with drama. Will the fan blow the book over? Why is that sledgehammer pointed at that T.V.? Will the glass shards fall on the scale and tip the bag of marbles? What if the marbles roll the wrong way?
It’s been 100 years since Goldberg illustrated his first contraption – “Automatic Weight Reducing Machine,” in 1914 – and people are still creating this cherished contraptions.
Viral video kingpins, OK GO, created a music video for “This Too Shall Pass” featuring a massive Rube Goldberg machine. This monument to superfluidity took a hand-picked team of 60 builders lead by 20 Syyn Labs engineers, via the thought collective “Mindshare,” weeks to complete.
Over 43 million people have watched the video. Quality craftsmanship and imagination stand the test of time.
I love Rube Goldberg machines and animation, but maybe I’m just old-fashioned. I take pleasure in all the world’s perfectly complicated contraptions because for all their bells and whistles, squiggly lines, and non-sequitur, they do something so beautifully simple amidst the chaos.
They tell stories.
If you want to make your own beautifully complicated animated video – or just stack dominoes around our office – shoot us an email and we’ll talk about your story, because it might take us ten minutes to answer the phone as we wait for all the marbles to drop into a basket…